Hadeeth One (الحديث الأول): Intention and Sincerity نية و اخلاص  

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Hadeeth One:

الحديث الأول

عَنْ أَمِيْرِ المؤْمِنِيْن أَبِي حَفْصٍ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رضي الله عنه قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ صلي الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ : إِنَّمَا الأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ، وَإِنَّمَا لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى، فَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى اللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ؛ فَهِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى اللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ، وَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ لدُنْيَا يُصِيبُهَا، أَوِ امْرَأَةٍ يَنْكِحُهَا؛ فَهِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى مَا هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِ
رَوَاهُ البُخَارِيُّ وَمسلم

The Amir al-Mu'minin Abu Hafs, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab رضي الله عنه said, " I heard the Messenger of Allah صلي الله عليه و سلم saying, 'Actions are only by intentions, and each man has only that which he intends. Whoever's emigration is for Allah and His Messenger, then his emigration is for Allah and His Messenger. Whoever's emigration is for some worldly gain which he can acquire or a woman he will marry, then his emigration is for that which he emigrates'."
Bukhari and Muslim narrated it.

This hadeeth is an extremely rigorously authenticated, all 'Ulema agree upon this (اجماع). Imam Bukhari as well as many other scholars of ahadeeth begin their book with this particular narration. The reason for this is that whenever we begin anything in life, the first thing we need to consider is our intention. By beginning a book with this hadeeth Imam Bukhari as well as others are reminding themselves; the teachers; the students and the readers to correct their intentions.

Imam Dhahabi says:

تصحيح النية لطالب العلم متعين

To correct the intention is necessary for every student of knowledge. Whilst we study we should not merely gather information, like done academically. What use is information of the Qur'an and Sunnah if it doesn't guide you. Any information attained should be converted into knowledge by fully understanding it's meaning and implementing the rulings within ones life.

When attaining knowledge we all need to correct our intention and study for the right reason. Anything we do it must be for the sake and pleasure of Allah alone, not like those mentioned in the following hadeeth:

"Whoever seeks knowledge in order to compete with the scholars or to prove himself superior to the foolish or to make the people look up to him, Allah will cause him to enter Hell".

Narrated by al-Nasaa'i, 2654

It is said by some that every action carried out without the intention of Allah's pleasure, those actions are باطل, devoid of any reward. For this reason when scholars begin a book they should commence with this hadeeth.

This entry was posted on Friday, March 14, 2008 at Friday, March 14, 2008 . You can follow any responses to this entry through the comments feed .


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